On this day in:
1763 Treaty of Paris signed, ending the French and Indian War. France ceded Canada and all its North American territories east of the Mississippi to Great Britain.
1837 Russian poet and novelist Alexander Pushkin was killed in a duel.
1840 Queen Victoria married Prince Albert.
1942 Glenn Miller received the first ever gold record for selling a million copies of “Chattanooga Choo Choo.”
1962 The Soviet Union exchanged captured American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers for Rudolph Abel, a Soviet spy held by the United States.
1967 The 25th Amendment was ratified, establishing presidential succession.
1996 IBM’s computer, Deep Blue, beat the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov, in the first game of their match.
2005 Pulitzer Prize winning playwright Arthur Miller died.