1487 The Battle of Stoke ended the Wars of the Roses.
1858 Senate candidate Abraham Lincoln declared, “a house divided against itself cannot stand.”
1904 Events in James Joyce’s novel Ulysses took place on this day, which is celebrated as Bloomsday, for the main character, Leopold Bloom.
1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Industrial Recovery Act.
1963 Valentina Tereshkova of the USSR became the first woman in space.
1996 Russia voted in its first independent presidential election. Boris Yeltsin eventually won in a runoff.
2004 The 9/11 Commission determined that Saddam Hussein had no strong links to al-Qaeda, contradicting White House beliefs.