1642 The city of Montreal was founded by the French.
1804 Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate.
1896 The Supreme Court affirmed racial segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson as “separate but equal.”
1920 Pope John Paul II was born near Krakow, Poland.
1953 Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound.
1974 India became the 6th country to become a nuclear power.
1980 Mount St. Helens, in Washington state, erupted after being dormant for 123 years.
1994 Israeli troops withdrew from the Gaza strip after three decades of occupation and Palestinians took over.
2000 A bill was finally passed that removed the Confederate flag from the South Carolina statehouse.
2003 President Megawati Sukarnoputri of Indonesia declared martial law and sent 30,000 troops into Aceh.
2004 Randy Johnson, age 40, became the oldest pitcher to throw a perfect game.
2004 Sonia Gandhi stunned her party, the Indian National Congress, by refusing to accept the prime ministership of India.