1809 Mary Kies of South Killingly, Conn., became the first woman to be granted a patent. The patent was for the rights to a technique for weaving straw with silk and thread.
1821 Napoleon Bonaparte died on the island of St. Helena.
1891 Carnegie Hall (then known as Music Hall) opened in New York City. Peter Tchaikovsky was the guest conductor.
1925 John Scopes was arrested in Tennessee for teaching Darwinism.
1961 Alan Shepard became the first American in space.
1981 Bobby Sands of the Irish Republican Army died in a prison hospital on the 66th day of his hunger strike.
2004 Pablo Picasso’s “Boy with a Pipe” became the most expensive painting ever sold.